首頁

學習英語作為第二語言(一)

學習英語作為第二語言(一)(共四篇)

1. 要學會一個語言,必須聽開始

小孩很自然學會說母語, 是因為他們自發展聽覺以來就聽到母親說的語言。有人說孩子在母體內已經可以聽 到外面世界的聲音並對母親熟悉的語調作出正面反應。

那學習母語是否一個自然的過程?答案沒有人知道,但是面對出生後所有歡迎孩子的聲音,熟悉的母親聲音絕 對為孩子帶來安全感。

除非孩子來自多種語言的父母背景,一般出生後的幾年比較少聽到一種或以上的語言。這是否意味著期待年紀小的孩子學習額外語言是不可的?

不是,這只代表小孩需要在這個時候接觸這‘額外’的非母語語言,就像他們重複又重複聽到母親的聲音一樣!

在家中, 孩子們會問, 當其他人不說英語, 為什麼他們會被要求說英語,

父母常常要求孩子看英語的卡通DVD 或使用‘發聲電子教材’或有機器人聲音的電腦遊戲,但這不是溝通!怪不得孩子寧願跟父母說母語。嬰兒和孩子都以父母做參照,希望學習父母做每一個事情或動作,他們想更相似父母!

作者; Elaine Shannon
Ready to Learn 校長

此專欄代表Elaine Shannon 的個人意見

 

Article 1: Children need to Hear a Language in order to Speak it!

Children appear to speak their native language quite naturally, but this is only because they hear the words spoken by their mother from the first moment of awareness. We are told that babies in the womb can hear ‘outside’ noises and react positively to the voice of their mother becoming familiar with a particular kind of speech that subconsciously they must associate with.

Does this make learning a ‘native’ language a natural process? No one knows, but it may comfort a baby to identify familiar sounds when faced with the cacophony of noises that greet a baby at birth.

Unless a child has parents of mixed language backgrounds, he or she does not normally hear more than one language for the first few years of life. Does this mean that expecting a very young child to speak an ‘additional’ language is impossible?

No, of course not, but it does mean that parents have to introduce their children to new languages in the same way in which they were introduced to their first language; they heard their mother’s voice, over and over again!

When children don’t ever hear English at home, they don’t understand why they should be the only ones who have to speak it! Why me, they wonder when very often parents, grandparents, siblings, and even domestic helpers do not speak English to them.

Often children are asked to sit and watch English DVDs of cartoons or play with ‘talking books’ and computerised games that have robotic voices, but they do not communicate! No wonder the children prefer to talk in the language of their parents.

Babies and children want to emulate their parents, they copy everything they do; they want to be like them!

 
First of Four Article on "Learning English as a Second Language" 
This article expresses the personal opinion of Elaine Shannon

各類課程一覽表