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Learning English as a Second Language (Part 2)

 


學習英語作為第二語言(二)(共四篇)- 介紹第二語言的六個步驟

父母應該什麼時候向小孩介紹第二語言?越早越好。因為嬰兒在母親體內的時候已經在聆聽母語,所以根本不會有‘太早’這回事。以嬰兒在出生不久被領養的例子,縱使養母及生母說不同的語言,嬰孩總是很快就適應養母的聲音並學習。
 
所以‘怎樣’學習外語比‘何時’學習外語重要,同樣重要的是父母及近親的角色。嬰兒及孩子如果是家庭中唯一要說外語的人他們會感覺被隔離,不會喜歡。
 
家長常說‘他在家裡不說英語’,那我會問家長‘那家裡有誰跟他說英語?’
每個語言都用來表達情感,如果孩子不能以英語表達情感,他們自動會用其他語言去吸引反應。
以下六個步驟的進行需要你主動的參與,而要求是你認識的英語生字數量比小孩較多;就是說過去50年香港所培育出來的所有成年人。
 
步驟一:給嬰兒唱歌及兒歌
步驟二:講故事及加以講解圖片;這使嬰兒有更多機會聽到你說英語的聲音
步驟三:給予小孩簡單的指令‘Give Mummy the book’ (把這本書給媽媽)
步驟四:發問簡單的問題,期待簡單的回复(或動作):“where is Daddy”(爸爸在哪裡);意味著孩子開始明白
步驟五:以圖片及物件介紹新詞彙 – 教導並要求孩子重複
步驟六:給予充分的讚賞及鼓勵
作者; Elaine Shannon
Ready to Learn 校長

此專欄代表Elaine Shannon 的個人意見

 

Article 2: Six Steps to Introduce a Second Language!

When should parents introduce a second language to their children? Considering that babies hear their first language in the womb, presumably it can’t ever be too early to introduce a different language. Take the case of babies who are adopted shortly after birth, their birth mother and adoptive mother may be of different nationalities speaking completely different languages – the baby adapts very quickly the sounds of the ‘new’ mother’s voice and will copy what is heard.

I think considering ‘how’ to introduce a second language, is more important than ‘when’, and of equal importance is the role of the mother, father and close family. The baby or child does not want to feel isolated as the only family member speaking a different language - that is not a sharing experience.

Parents often say, “He doesn’t speak English at home,” and I often ask, “Who speaks English at home to him?”

Every language conveys feelings; if children cannot express feelings in English, they will automatically use a language that gets the response they require.

The following six steps require the active participation of someone who has more English vocabulary than a very small child – that’s every adult educated in Hong Kong during the last 50 years.

Step 1: Sing songs and say nursery rhymes to the baby

Step 2: Read stories and talk about pictures; this allows the baby to hear your voice

saying English words

Step 3: Give the child small spoken tasks: “Give Mummy the book”

Step 4: Ask simple questions and expect simple responses (even gestures): “Where is Daddy”; this shows the child is beginning to understand

Step 5: Introduce new vocabulary by showing a picture or the object - say the word and ask the child to repeat it

Step  6: Give lots of positively praise and encouragement

 
This article expresses the personal opinion of Elaine Shannon,

Principal of Ready To Learn
 

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