Learning English as a Second Language (Part 2)
步驟三：給予小孩簡單的指令‘Give Mummy the book’ （把這本書給媽媽）
步驟四：發問簡單的問題，期待簡單的回复（或動作）：“where is Daddy”（爸爸在哪裡）；意味著孩子開始明白
步驟五：以圖片及物件介紹新詞彙 – 教導並要求孩子重複
作者; Elaine Shannon
Ready to Learn 校長
此專欄代表Elaine Shannon 的個人意見
Article 2: Six Steps to Introduce a Second Language!
When should parents introduce a second language to their children? Considering that babies hear their first language in the womb, presumably it can’t ever be too early to introduce a different language. Take the case of babies who are adopted shortly after birth, their birth mother and adoptive mother may be of different nationalities speaking completely different languages – the baby adapts very quickly the sounds of the ‘new’ mother’s voice and will copy what is heard.
I think considering ‘how’ to introduce a second language, is more important than ‘when’, and of equal importance is the role of the mother, father and close family. The baby or child does not want to feel isolated as the only family member speaking a different language - that is not a sharing experience.
Parents often say, “He doesn’t speak English at home,” and I often ask, “Who speaks English at home to him?”
Every language conveys feelings; if children cannot express feelings in English, they will automatically use a language that gets the response they require.
The following six steps require the active participation of someone who has more English vocabulary than a very small child – that’s every adult educated in Hong Kong during the last 50 years.
Step 1: Sing songs and say nursery rhymes to the baby
Step 2: Read stories and talk about pictures; this allows the baby to hear your voice
saying English words
Step 3: Give the child small spoken tasks: “Give Mummy the book”
Step 4: Ask simple questions and expect simple responses (even gestures): “Where is Daddy”; this shows the child is beginning to understand
Step 5: Introduce new vocabulary by showing a picture or the object - say the word and ask the child to repeat it
Step 6: Give lots of positively praise and encouragement
This article expresses the personal opinion of Elaine Shannon,
Principal of Ready To Learn