First of Four Article on "Learning English as a Second Language"
Article 3: How Are Children Taught to Read and When?
In the first article I outlined the need for babies and children to be exposed to hearing spoken English and the second article outlined the ‘six steps’. Both articles were laying the foundations for ‘being ready to read’.
When are children ready to read? There isn’t a definitive answer because it depends on many factors:
a) Is the child shown books with printed letters and words?
b) Does the child realise that words are read from the left to the right?
c) Can the child ‘match’ a picture with a corresponding printed word
2. Memory and Copying:
a) Can the child remember and indicate several matching ‘pictures and words’?
b) Can the child repeat words when said by an adult?
c) Can the child listen to a word – point to a matching picture – find the corresponding written word?
a) Does the child understand enough English to follow instructions?
b) Is the child able to understand simple explanations?
Question: When a child can match a picture to a written word – is the child reading?
My answer: The child has learnt to remember which picture goes with which word. Eventually he or she will recognise the word without the picture. So yes, this is one very traditional method of reading that relies on memorisation.
Congratulations - the child is able to take the next step.
This article expresses the personal opinion of Elaine Shannon, Principal of Ready To Learn
作者; Elaine Shannon
此專欄代表Elaine Shannon 的個人意見