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學習英語作為第二語言(三)

 


First of Four Article on "Learning English as a Second Language" 

Article 3: How Are Children Taught to Read and When?

 

In the first article I outlined the need for babies and children to be exposed to hearing spoken English and the second article outlined the ‘six steps’. Both articles were laying the foundations for ‘being ready to read’.

When are children ready to read? There isn’t a definitive answer because it depends on many factors:

1. Familiarisation:

a) Is the child shown books with printed letters and words?

b) Does the child realise that words are read from the left to the right?

c) Can the child ‘match’ a picture with a corresponding printed word

2. Memory and Copying:

a) Can the child remember and indicate several matching ‘pictures and words’?

b) Can the child repeat words when said by an adult?

c) Can the child listen to a word – point to a matching picture – find the corresponding written word?

3. Communication:

a) Does the child understand enough English to follow instructions?

b) Is the child able to understand simple explanations?

 

Question: When a child can match a picture to a written word – is the child reading?

My answer: The child has learnt to remember which picture goes with which word. Eventually he or she will recognise the word without the picture. So yes, this is one very traditional method of reading that relies on memorisation.

 

Congratulations - the child is able to take the next step.

 

This article expresses the personal opinion of Elaine Shannon, Principal of Ready To Learn

 

學習英語作為第二語言(三)(共四篇)

兒童到底如何學會閱讀?在什麼時候?

在第一章我們帶出了嬰兒及孩子需要聆聽英語,而在第二章列出6個步驟。那兒童從什麼時候開始閱讀?這個問題沒有一個決定的答案,因為都是取決於以下關鍵:

  1. 熟悉性:
    1. 孩子所看的書本有沒有字母和文字?
    2. 孩子是否知道文字是從左到右閱讀?
    3. 孩子能否張圖片與文字對應拼出?
  2. 記憶及模仿能力:
    1. 孩子能夠記憶幾個相連的圖與子?
    2. 孩子能否模仿成人對字的發音?
    3. 孩子能否按聆聽的字而指出相應圖片?
  3. 溝通:
    1. 孩子有沒有明白足夠的英語去明白指令?
    2. 簡單的解釋孩子又能明白嗎?

問題:當孩子能張圖片及文字聯繫的時候,他在閱讀嗎?

答案:孩子已經記得圖片與文字的關係,也將會在沒有圖片的情況下記得這個字。所以靠記憶也是個傳統的閱讀學習方法。

 

作者; Elaine Shannon
Ready to Learn 校長

此專欄代表Elaine Shannon 的個人意見

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